Violent Conflict, Natural Hazards and Disaster

Authored by: Ben Wisner

The Routledge Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction

Print publication date:  December  2011
Online publication date:  March  2012

Print ISBN: 9780415590655
eBook ISBN: 9780203844236
Adobe ISBN: 9781136918698

10.4324/9780203844236.ch7

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Abstract

There are many ways in which violent conflict complicates, confuses and obstructs the efforts of disaster risk reduction (DRR). For example, civil war and the so-called war on drugs in the Latin American country of Colombia have displaced more than one million rural people, who have sought a more secure existence on the edges of large cities such as Bogotá (IDMC 2009). This influx of unemployed, poor people into highly dangerous locations where they squat in self-built houses in steep ravines adds a great deal to the challenge faced by emergency management planners in that country. Although some very important innovations in earthquake and landslide preparedness and mitigation have come out of Colombia in the past decade (see Chapter 51), the number of people displaced by violence threatens to overwhelm efforts to implement such innovative designs and programmes.

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