Protection of Infrastructure

Authored by: Ana Maria Cruz

The Routledge Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction

Print publication date:  December  2011
Online publication date:  March  2012

Print ISBN: 9780415590655
eBook ISBN: 9780203844236
Adobe ISBN: 9781136918698

10.4324/9780203844236.ch56

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Abstract

Society’s lifeline systems (e.g. water, waste disposal, energy, transportation, communications) as well as public–private services housed in the built environment (e.g. hospitals, schools, essential industrial/commercial establishments) are critical to the well-being of a society and may be vulnerable to natural hazard forces or other types of external hazards. In a world that is more and more complex and interconnected, even a small disruption locally can lead to major upsets globally. Furthermore, extreme natural hazards can result in cascading failures. Thus, it is of vital importance to understand the vulnerability of the exposed systems in order to design and implement adequate protection measures to ensure that these remain operational during and after a major disaster event. Examples show notable failures in infrastructure protection as well as relatively successful experiences.

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