International Planning Systems for Disaster

Authored by: Margaret Arnold

The Routledge Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction

Print publication date:  December  2011
Online publication date:  March  2012

Print ISBN: 9780415590655
eBook ISBN: 9780203844236
Adobe ISBN: 9781136918698


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Over the past several decades, a number of critical issues integral to but long neglected in development efforts became agendas to enter the mainstream of development policy and projects. These include gender (first called for at the Third World Conference on Women 1985) and the environment (Rio Declaration 1992). In a similar fashion, early work in the 1980s pointed out that misconceived and poorly planned development could be the cause of disasters in low-income countries (Hagman et al. 1984) and called for incorporating natural hazard risk assessment into development planning and projects (Organization of American States 1988).

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