Psycho-Social Recovery

Authored by: Tammam Aloudat , Lene Christensen

The Routledge Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction

Print publication date:  December  2011
Online publication date:  March  2012

Print ISBN: 9780415590655
eBook ISBN: 9780203844236
Adobe ISBN: 9781136918698

10.4324/9780203844236.ch47

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Abstract

When disasters strike they cause physical destruction and loss of life and property that affects individuals and communities. Disaster relief has traditionally focused on saving lives and ensuring basic needs of those who have survived the disaster by giving access to food, water, shelter and health care in the immediate aftermath of a disaster. In addition to physical damage, disasters cause significant psychological and social suffering to affected populations. Due to multiple losses, disasters and their consequences impact human well-being and ability to function. There is loss of life or ability, property and prospects of future livelihood. The psychological and social impacts of emergencies may be acute in the short term and can undermine the long-term mental health and psycho-social well-being of the affected population and threaten peace, human rights and development (IASC 2007).

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