Flood

Authored by: Hanna Schmuck

The Routledge Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction

Print publication date:  December  2011
Online publication date:  March  2012

Print ISBN: 9780415590655
eBook ISBN: 9780203844236
Adobe ISBN: 9781136918698

10.4324/9780203844236.ch21

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Abstract

Flooding is a natural part of the hydrological cycle and the life of rivers. It can be made more frequent and more severe by human actions such as deforestation or interference with the river channel, but people have been living with floods for centuries. Floods can be deadly and destructive, whilst they provide silt to nourish deltas and to fertilise crops and seasonal fisheries. At least 3,686 flood disasters occurred between 1900 and 2010. Each year at least 62,000 people die from floods and at least 28 million are estimated to be affected (EM-DAT 2010).

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