Criminal justice, refugee protection and the securitisation of migration

Authored by: Alison Gerard , Sharon Pickering

The Routledge Handbook of International Crime and Justice Studies

Print publication date:  August  2013
Online publication date:  August  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415781787
eBook ISBN: 9780203837146
Adobe ISBN: 9781136868504


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‘Crimmigration’ (Stumpf 2006) is a ‘determining context’ (Scraton 2007) of vulnerability for refugees and migrants. Analysing migration frameworks in the United States context, Stumpf coined the phrase ‘crimmigration’ to capture the rapid conflation of immigration and criminal justice practice. This phenomenon is not restricted to the USA; internationally we are witnessing increased reliance on criminal justice imagery and practices, and their application to certain groups of classed, racialised and gendered refugees and migrants. This construction of refugees and migrants as ‘criminal’ makes the application of criminal justice responses to irregular migration seem appropriate (Mountz 2010). It atomises the structural issues that affect migration trends, such as globalisation, violent conflict and the global economy, and reduces irregular migration to the single rational decision of an individual to cross a border extra-legally. The lived experience of crimmigration has been the focus of our empirical research in the European Union (EU), Australia and the USA, and informs the analysis of global practices of crimmigration and their impact presented in this chapter.

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