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The Insurance Industry and Fair Value

Authored by: Gabi Ebbers

The Routledge Companion to Fair Value and Financial Reporting

Print publication date:  May  2007
Online publication date:  August  2012

Print ISBN: 9780415423564
eBook ISBN: 9780203815151
Adobe ISBN: 9781136713101

10.4324/9780203815151.ch18

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Abstract

The insurance industry will be affected like no other industry by the accounting standards setters’ objective of introducing fair value measurement. The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) aims to measure all financial instruments, including insurance contracts, at fair value. However, unlike most financial instruments, insurance contracts are not traded on a liquid market. Therefore, the fair value of an insurance contract has to be measured as discounted future cash flows, with estimations about future cash flows that will contain actuarial assumptions in addition to market variables. The IASB holds the view that the fair value of an insurance contract should be based on a ‘hypothetical market’, as this is assumed to be more useful information for investors. 1

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