Internet Gambling Policy in Europe

Authored by: Robert J. Williams , Robert T. Wood , Jonathan Parke

Routledge International Handbook of Internet Gambling

Print publication date:  June  2012
Online publication date:  November  2012

Print ISBN: 9780415594431
eBook ISBN: 9780203814574
Adobe ISBN:


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A biotope for the protection of the variety of species – this is a likely picture to pop up in the mind of an observer of regulations and controls of online gambling in europe, a young industry that emerged in 1995 when the government of Liechtenstein granted the ‘International Lottery of Liechtenstein Foundation’ the permit to operate certain online lottery formats.1 Since then, no ‘unité de doctrine’ has developed among the roughly 40 independent countries2 and the handful of semi-independent territories3 deemed to constitute europe. On the contrary, each of these jurisdictions tends to apply a rather generic model that shows little consideration of common interests and needs, but all the more of historically grown structures, typically of a monopolistic nature, that are to be protected against commercial operators acting within or across domestic borders. This pattern results in a colorful variety of sometimes odd species, of which this chapter intends to sketch some of the most interesting features.

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