Cyber-threats and cybersecurity challenges

A cross-cultural perspective

Authored by: Nir Kshetri , Lailani Laynesa Alcantara

The Routledge Companion to Cross-Cultural Management

Print publication date:  May  2015
Online publication date:  April  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415858687
eBook ISBN: 9780203798706
Adobe ISBN: 9781135105709


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As is the case of any economic activity, cultural factors are tightly linked to cybercrimes, cyber-attacks and cybersecurity. Just like any other activities, some forms of cybercrime may be more acceptable in some cultures than in others. For some categories of cyberoffenses, cultural factors appear to play more important roles than other environmental factors. For instance, cybercrimes are more justifiable in some cultures. Quoting a Russian hacker-turned-teacher, Blau (2004) describes how he and his friends hacked programs and distributed them for free during their childhood: “It was like our donation to society, it was a form of honor; [we were] like Robin Hood bringing programs to people.” Likewise, it is argued that culture and ethical attitudes may be a more crucial factor in driving software piracy as well as a number of other cybercrimes than the levels of economic development (Donaldson, 1996; Kshetri, 2009b, 2013a, b, c, d; Kwong et al., 2003).

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