Youth Sport, Health And Physical Activity

Authored by: Evan James , Roald Bahr , Robert F. LaPrade

Routledge Handbook of Youth Sport

Print publication date:  January  2016
Online publication date:  January  2016

Print ISBN: 9780415840033
eBook ISBN: 9780203795002
Adobe ISBN: 9781134469932

10.4324/9780203795002.ch36

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Abstract

While recreational and organized youth sports present abundant opportunities to increase fitness, share in competition and build camaraderie, participation may also increase risk of injury. The rapid growth and developmental changes that occur during adolescence and early adulthood present unique physiological and psychological conditions that may influence athletic performance and increase the risk of injury. In recent years, the field of sports medicine has placed added emphasis on the development of injury prevention measures (Adirim, 2003; Bahr, 2011). This shift is especially pertinent to youth sports injuries because injuries suffered in the early years of life may have profound long-term consequences later in life. Thus, injury prevention is fast becoming a central focus of sports medicine research in youth sports. Programmes in sports injury prevention research begin by outlining the frequency and severity of injury, continue with identifying the mechanisms of injury and associated risk factors and conclude by implementing measures to mitigate risk while tracking the efficacy of interventions (Bahr, 2009; van Mechelen, 1992). This chapter will follow a similar sequence to highlight the frequency and severity of youth sports injuries, associated risk factors and general injury prevention strategies.

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