Juvenile criminal justice system in China

Authored by: Guoling Zhao

The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Criminology

Print publication date:  July  2013
Online publication date:  July  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415500401
eBook ISBN: 9780203766774
Adobe ISBN: 9781135021467

10.4324/9780203766774.ch9

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Abstract

Ideas concerning treatment of young offenders (juveniles) in China can be traced back thousands of years. Although the contemporary juvenile criminal justice system in China has experience of only some 30 years, it has been given continued attention by scholars since the first juvenile tribunal was established in 1984. Past research has summarized China’s experience of the juvenile justice system (Xiao 1997) and the key characteristics of the system (Fan 1996; Guo 1996; Lin, Zhang and Lei 1993). Based on foreign experience, the idea of Juvenile Law was proposed (Yao 2005) and China’s juvenile criminal justice system was designed and implemented (Wang 2007; Yao 2003; Zhao 2011). However, many problems need to be resolved in juvenile justice sentencing, and the reform of the juvenile criminal justice system still faces the challenge of matching ideal and reality.

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