The Evolving Craft of Intelligence

Authored by: Robert David Steele

Routledge Companion to Intelligence Studies

Print publication date:  August  2013
Online publication date:  September  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415507523
eBook ISBN: 9780203762721
Adobe ISBN: 9781134480296


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There is little desire in the developed intelligence nations to see the craft of intelligence evolve in line with the revolutions in information technology and globalisation. Indeed, it can safely be said that most leaders with access to intelligence services do not value them — they are much more influenced by networks of influence and ideology that demands the status quo. Where intelligence is used at all it is generally to confirm pre-existing policy positions rather than what governing elites need to know (Davis 1986; Treverton 1986; Pillar 2011; Garland 2012). Ada Bozeman has written:

[There is a need] to recognize that just as the essence of knowledge is not as split up into academic disciplines as it is in our academic universe, so can intelligence not be set apart from statecraft and society, or subdivided into elements … such as analysis and estimates, counterintelligence, clandestine collection, covert action, and so forth. Rather … intelligence is a scheme of things entire.

( Bozeman 1998: 177) 1

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