Authored by: Andrew Brunatti

Routledge Companion to Intelligence Studies

Print publication date:  August  2013
Online publication date:  September  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415507523
eBook ISBN: 9780203762721
Adobe ISBN: 9781134480296


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The genesis of Canadian intelligence as a national endeavour can be traced back to the Second World War, which prompted Canada's involvement in the collection and analysis of new forms of intelligence (Jensen 2008). Canada's close cooperation with Britain, the United States, Australia and New Zealand during the war years set the stage for its inclusion in the post-war alliance structures that encouraged burden-sharing and cooperation between these five states; a network that would become known as the ‘Five Eyes’. Most important for Canada was its inclusion in the UK-USA Communications Intelligence Agreement (the ‘UKUSA Agreement’) of 1951 as a ‘second party’ (UKUSA Agreement 1951). 1

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