Asian Theology

Authored by: Sebastian C. H. Kim

The Routledge Companion to Modern Christian Thought

Print publication date:  March  2013
Online publication date:  October  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415782173
eBook ISBN: 9780203387856
Adobe ISBN: 9781136677922


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Christianity in Asia is very diverse in its historical development, expression and beliefs, reflecting the regional diversity of political, socio-economic, religious and cultural environments. There are ancient church traditions such as the St. Thomas churches in India, but also there are very recent Pentecostal churches, new denominations and Christian movements. Diversity is also characteristic of Asian theology: the concerns, theological resources and methodology differ from one country or region to another, largely due to their cultural, socio-political and historical backgrounds. With this regional and national diversity in mind, this chapter will examine Asian theologies in three regions: South Asia, East Asia and Southeast Asia. The Sri Lanka Catholic theologian, Aloysius Pieris, called for a “double baptism” of Christianity in both the Jordan of Asian religions and the Calvary of Asian poverty (Pieris 1988: 45–48), but the theological concerns in Asia also include the relationship between the church and state, political injustice and reconciliation between various groups.

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