Phenomenology

Authored by: Dermot Moran

The Routledge Companion to Modern Christian Thought

Print publication date:  March  2013
Online publication date:  October  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415782173
eBook ISBN: 9780203387856
Adobe ISBN: 9781136677922

10.4324/9780203387856.ch31

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Abstract

Phenomenology is undoubtedly the most influential movement in twentieth-century European philosophy. Because of its emphasis on first-person point of view and on the full range of subjective experiences (including emotions), it continues to have a powerful presence in twenty-first-century discussions, especially those concerned with consciousness, intentionality, embodiment, personhood, the experience of other subjects (empathy) and intersubjectivity, the experience of otherness (laterite), the meaning of culture, including phenomena associated with religious experience. Phenomenology can be understood both as a collection of methods and approaches and as a broader “movement” (Moran 2000). As a method it was inaugurated by Edmund Husserl (1859–1938), building on the insight into intentionality found in the work of Franz Brentano (1838–1917). As Paul Ricoeur has aptly put it, phenomenology as a movement may be understood as “both the sum of Husserl's work and the heresies issuing from it” (Ricoeur 1967: 4).

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