Gender, Post-Trafficking And Citizenship In Nepal

Authored by: Janet G. Townsend , Nina Laurie , Meena Poudel , Diane Richardson

The Routledge Handbook of Gender and Development

Print publication date:  February  2015
Online publication date:  February  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415829083
eBook ISBN: 9780203383117
Adobe ISBN: 9781134094714


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The United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR 2013: 1) estimates that ‘Statelessness is a massive problem that affects an estimated 12 million people worldwide’. In many parts of the world many people, women in particular, are still non-citizens, so that basic legal, political and/or welfare rights have not yet been attained. Exclusionary policies lie at the root of many statelessness situations. We argue here that citizenship has widely been constructed in a male image, because for women access to citizenship has historically been linked to motherhood in the context of heterosexual marriage. A new literature linking the discourses of citizenship, development and sexualities has appeared, but such debates must be situated within particular socioeconomic and geopolitical contexts: case studies are needed.

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