Islamism in Turkey

Authored by: Gareth Jenkins

Routledge Handbook of Political Islam

Print publication date:  December  2011
Online publication date:  March  2012

Print ISBN: 9780415484732
eBook ISBN: 9780203154144
Adobe ISBN: 9781136577239

10.4324/9780203154144.ch11

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Abstract

When Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (1881–1938) founded the modern Turkish Republic in 1923, he sought to expunge Islam from public life and make secularism the foundation of the new nation-state he was trying to construct from the ruins of the Ottoman Empire. For decades, Turkey was touted as the prime example of a predominantly Muslim country that was both secular and had a functioning parliamentary system.

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