Equity in climate change: the range of metrics and views

Authored by: Narasimha Rao

Handbook of Climate Change and India

Print publication date:  November  2011
Online publication date:  March  2012

Print ISBN: 9781849713580
eBook ISBN: 9780203153284
Adobe ISBN: 9781136521584

10.4324/9780203153284.ch10

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Abstract

Eighteen years after the inception of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at the Earth Summit in Rio in 1992, 125 governments agreed to limit global temperature rise to 2°C in the Copenhagen Accord of 2009. Conspicuous by its absence in this Accord, however, was any agreement on how countries should share responsibility for reducing and adapting to climate change. For almost twenty years, developing countries (non-Annex I) have argued for equity, framed as a fair distribution of the earth’s capacity to absorb human greenhouse gases (GHG). However, this position has remained largely a political stance, rather than a basis for dialogue in negotiations.

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