Evaluating the Implementation of the Responsibility to Protect in East Africa

Authored by: Afyare A. Elmi


Print publication date:  June  2012
Online publication date:  June  2012

Print ISBN: 9780415600750
eBook ISBN: 9780203117637
Adobe ISBN: 9781136304873


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During the World Summit in 2005, the United Nations, in its outcome document, adopted the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) norm. For many scholars, policymakers, and activists, the R2P is a groundbreaking idea. In essence, R2P, through upholding a state’s responsibility to prevent, to react, and to rebuild, offers a method to protect people from the four major crimes of genocide, ethnic cleansing, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. 1 As UN Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide and a pioneer of this concept Francis M. Deng rightfully asserts, “sovereignty entails responsibility.” 2 If a given state cannot fulfill this responsibility, the world community is to assist the state or intervene. In other words, sovereignty must not protect those states that lack the “will or the capacity” to protect their people. 3

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