Ocean Health

Authored by: Fiorenza Micheli , Giulio De Leo , Francesco Ferretti , A. Margaret Hines , Kristen Honey , Kristy Kroeker , Rebecca G. Martone , Douglas J. McCauley , Jennifer K. O’Leary , Daniele F. Rosim , Susanne H. Sokolow , Andy Stock , Chelsea L. Wood

Routledge Handbook of Ocean Resources and Management

Print publication date:  October  2015
Online publication date:  October  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415531757
eBook ISBN: 9780203115398
Adobe ISBN: 9781136294822


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Over the past decade, the benefits that healthy oceans provide have increasingly become the focus of science, management, and policy making (e.g., Halpern et al. 2012, Samhouri et al. 2013). Productive oceans enhance food security (Garcia and Rosenberg 2010), and marine habitats protect millions of people from floods, hurricanes, and typhoons (Barbier et al. 2014). At the same time, there is increasing recognition that human activities and uses of the oceans, including fishing, coastal development, and pollution, have profoundly altered many marine ecosystems and are eroding their function and ability to provide benefits (Jackson et al. 2001, Worm et al. 2006). These impacts are compounded by current and projected impacts of climate change (e.g., Doney 2010).

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