International Marine Governance and Protection of Biodiversity

Authored by: Jeff A. Ardron , Robin Warner

Routledge Handbook of Ocean Resources and Management

Print publication date:  October  2015
Online publication date:  October  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415531757
eBook ISBN: 9780203115398
Adobe ISBN: 9781136294822


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Oceans governance is a relatively recent phenomenon, with the protection of marine biodiversity generally emerging later in the twentieth century, after the agreements that focused on oceans resources and management were established. The first such global institutions were developed post Second World War to regulate sectoral issues associated with increased international shipping and expanded global fisheries. Key institutions established in this period were the International Maritime Organization (IMO) for shipping and the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) for fisheries, both UN specialized agencies and treaty based bodies (FAO, 1945; IMO, 1948). These institutions have played pivotal roles in regulating their respective sectors, adopting a mix of hard and soft law instruments to achieve their objectives. Later, after these sectoral bodies were established, came the negotiations that led to the establishment of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

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