Ocean Minerals

Authored by: James R. Hein , Kira Mizell

Routledge Handbook of Ocean Resources and Management

Print publication date:  October  2015
Online publication date:  October  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415531757
eBook ISBN: 9780203115398
Adobe ISBN: 9781136294822

10.4324/9780203115398.ch20

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Abstract

Nearly 71 percent of the Earth is covered by ocean, yet during the entire history of societies, the mineral resources essential for nation building have been acquired solely from the continents. As we will discuss, this is changing for many reasons. There is a rapidly increasing need for rare metals required for emerging technologies, such as cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, gallium, germanium, zirconium, niobium, molybdenum, platinum, indium, tellurium, tungsten, silver, gold, bismuth, and the rare-earth elements (REEs). These metals are concentrated in a variety of deep-ocean mineral deposits. This new search for resources is greatly expanding investigations of the deep-ocean environment.

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