The impact of the Partnership for Peace on civil–military relations

Moldova

Authored by: Diana Molodilo , Valeriu Mija

The Routledge Handbook of Civil–Military Relations

Print publication date:  September  2012
Online publication date:  November  2012

Print ISBN: 9780415782739
eBook ISBN: 9780203105276
Adobe ISBN: 9781136253218

10.4324/9780203105276.ch27

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Abstract

The Republic of Moldova is a developing democracy in South-East Europe with a history and legacy of authoritarian rule. It is situated at the western edge of the former Soviet Union, located between Romania and Ukraine. Nowadays, Moldova has become the neighbor of the enlarged Euro-Atlantic Alliance. In the current geo-strategic situation, Moldova's foreign and security goals include potential European Union (EU) membership, neutrality in international security and defense affairs, and effective contribution within national capacities to international peace and stability. After the proclamation of its independence (1991), Moldova was hesitant about its foreign policy—that is whether to intensify its relations with the Russian Federation (the former center of gravity) or to follow a policy of Euro-Atlantic integration. Eventually, however, the Republic of Moldova oriented its foreign policy toward the West, aiming to develop close relationships with the two major European and Euro Atlantic security players: the EU and NATO. Toward this end, and from the perspective that it is now bordering both NATO and the EU (hence it is of geostrategic importance), Moldova has strengthened cooperation with the EU through the EU-Moldova Action Plan (signed in 2005), the EU Eastern Partnership Policy (2009), and intensified cooperation with NATO in the framework of the Partnership for Peace Program (PfP) by agreeing upon an Individual Partnership Action Plan (IPAP) in 2006.

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