Test Development Process

Authored by: Suzanne Lane , Mark R. Raymond , Thomas M. Haladyna , Steven M. Downing

Handbook of Test Development

Print publication date:  November  2015
Online publication date:  October  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415626019
eBook ISBN: 9780203102961
Adobe ISBN: 9781136242571


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Test development requires a systematic approach to ensure the validity of test score interpretations and uses based on those interpretations. The 12 components of test development outlined in this chapter provide a framework for test development and validation. In the first edition of the Handbook (Downing & Haladyna, 2006), these components were labeled as steps (Downing, 2006). To better reflect the related and interactive nature of these steps we are referring to them as components of test development. One of the components presented in the first edition, item banking, is now subsumed in item development, and test security has been added as an essential component in the test development process. This chapter draws on the chapter in the first edition (Downing, 2006).

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