Synergies between Adaptation and Mitigation and the Complexity of REDD+

Authored by: Asbjørn Aaheim , Jorge H. García

Routledge Handbook of the Economics of Climate Change Adaptation

Print publication date:  January  2014
Online publication date:  January  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415633116
eBook ISBN: 9780203095201
Adobe ISBN: 9781136212123

10.4324/9780203095201.ch4

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Abstract

Reduction of emissions by deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) has been thought of as a way to combine mitigation with adaptation strategies: Preservation of forest stimulates biodiversity, which helps forests become more resilient towards climate change. Forests play an important role in limiting impacts of climate change, such as lowering the risk of threshold shifts in ecosystems, reducing problems of irrigation and limiting losses related to floods and landslides. At the same time, a huge amount of carbon is stored in forests, and more forests means that less carbon is concentrated in the atmosphere. As such, afforestation and reduced deforestation is also a way to mitigate climate change.

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