Adaptation in Coastal Areas

Authored by: Iñigo J. Losada , Pedro Díaz-Simal

Routledge Handbook of the Economics of Climate Change Adaptation

Print publication date:  January  2014
Online publication date:  January  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415633116
eBook ISBN: 9780203095201
Adobe ISBN: 9781136212123


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Coastal areas consist of both natural and human systems. Natural systems include beaches, barriers and sand dunes as well as rocky shores. Estuaries and deltas are also extremely relevant features of coastal morphology. One of the main characteristics of these features is that they host some of the most important ecosystems, including rocky shore animals; vegetated coastal habitats, such as sea grass beds like Posidonia, salt marshes, mangrove forests and macro algal beds and not less relevant, coral reefs. All of them provide important ecosystem services including carbon sequestration, regulation by promoting sedimentation or wave damping or providing shelter for nursing of different species, among others (Duarte et al. 2013).

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