The Convergence of Informal Learning and Formal Education in a Ubiquitous Environment

Authored by: Heeok Heo , Il-Hyun Jo , Kyu Lim , Hyeon Lee , Soonshik Suh

Handbook of Design in Educational Technology

Print publication date:  July  2013
Online publication date:  June  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415807340
eBook ISBN: 9780203075227
Adobe ISBN: 9781135118969


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Technological advances such as mobile devices, context-aware computing and handheld personal organizers provide educators with opportunities and challenges to enhance teaching and learning, as Mark Weiser already proposed in the early 1990s. He envisioned the world of ubiquitous computing, where computers are available unobtrusively and invisibly to users throughout the physical environment (Weiser, 1993). When technologies become pervasive and connected with wireless networks, information will be accessible anytime anywhere, suggesting new paradigms of interaction inspired by computational capabilities (Abowd & Mynatt, 2000). Eventually, in the future, devices will be seamlessly integrated into the environment, enhancing our everyday activities including teaching and learning experiences. This trend of ubiquitous computing triggered this study in which the ultimate purpose is to promote meaningful learning from converging formal education and informal learning.

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