Positioning and Scanning Systems

Authored by: Jürgen Koch

Handbook of Laser Technology and Applications

Print publication date:  June  2021
Online publication date:  June  2021

Print ISBN: 9781138032613
eBook ISBN: 9781315389561
Adobe ISBN:


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In the context of industrial material processing, the ‘positioning system’ incorporates the optical and mechanical techniques for focusing, directing and controlling a high-powered laser beam, focused to a spot, to the coordinates of a specific location [position] on a workpiece. Either the beam or the workpiece is moved to achieve this objective; both can also be moved relative to each other to provide a more compact or a more flexible system. The ‘scanning system’ comprises the optical, acousto-optical (AO), electro-optical (EO) and opto-mechanical techniques for controlling and scanning a laser beam, focused to a spot, across a surface that is usually one- or two-dimensional, such as a bar code or a display screen. Such systems are referred to as beam delivery systems. Besides the positioning and scanning systems, the free-space and fibre optics mentioned in previous chapters are also part of beam delivery systems but predominantly their purpose is to locate the laser beam at a workstation and not at a workpiece.

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