Introduction

Authored by: S. Ponnuswamy , D. Johnson Victor

Transportation Tunnels

Print publication date:  May  2016
Online publication date:  June  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138029811
eBook ISBN: 9781498785488
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b21639-2

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Abstract

Tunnels are artificial passages built underground to facilitate transportation or conveyance of people, materials, water, sewage, other fluids and gas in pipes, electric power etc., across obstructions like hills, rivers and other obstructions like buildings, industrial structures and other communication lines like major roads and rail tracks. An alternative definition of tunnels refers to underground structures which apart from serving the above noted purposes are built using special underground excavation methods without disturbing the surface. Even underground garages and power houses are treated as tunnels.

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