Myxoma Virus

Authored by: June Liu , Peter Kerr

Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498700368
eBook ISBN: 9781498700375
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19719-ch95

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Abstract

As the type species of the Leporipoxvirus genus in the Chordopoxvirinae subfamily, Poxviridae family, myxoma virus (MYXV) is a large, double-stranded DNA virus that replicates in the cytoplasm of infected cells. MYXV causes the generalized, frequently lethal disease, myxomatosis, in European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Other leporipox-viruses include hare fibroma virus, rabbit fibroma virus (also called Shope′s fibroma virus), and squirrel fibroma virus, which naturally infect various leporid and squirrel species.

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