Cypriniviruses

Authored by: Kenneth A. McColl , Agus Sunarto , Lijuan Li

Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498700368
eBook ISBN: 9781498700375
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19719-ch88

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Abstract

Cypriniviruses largely affect common and koi carp (Cyprinus carpio), goldfish (Carassius auratus), Prussian carp (Carassius gibelio), and crucian carp (Carassius carassius). In particular, cyprinid herpesviruses 1 (CyHV-1) and 3 (CyHV-3) are important pathogens of C. carpio, while CyHV-2 affects C. auratus, C. gibelio, and C. carassius. These host species belong to the family Cyprinidae, the largest family of freshwater fishes in the world with over 2000 species in 210 genera.1 Native species occur in all tropical and temperate regions except Australia, New Zealand, Madagascar, and South America. However, cyprinids have even been introduced to each of these previously free locations. While common carp are an important food source for humans in Asia, Europe, and Israel,2 koi carp and goldfish are almost purely ornamental fish, albeit sometimes being very expensive. By contrast, in many regions of the world (e.g., Australasia and North America), carp are regarded as an environmental pest species.3

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