Penaeus stylirostris Penstyldensovirus

Authored by: Norma A. Macfas-Rodrfguez , Erika Camacho-Beltran , Edgar Rodrfguez-Negrete , Norma E. Leyva-Lopez , Jesus Mendez-Lozano

Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498700368
eBook ISBN: 9781498700375
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19719-ch79

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Abstract

With their delicious taste and high nutritional value, shrimps have long been an important food source for human society. In Asia, Indo-Pacific, and the United States, shrimp farming represents an enormously profitable activity [1,2]. Worldwide, the shrimp farming industry has confronted several emergencies due to viral diseases implicated in mass mortalities in cultured shrimps, such as white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), yellow head virus (YHV), Taura syndrome virus (TSV), and infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV), the latter of which was lately classified into the family Parvoviridae, as Penaeus stylirostris penstyldenso-virus (PstDV) [3], which will be referred to as IHHNV or PstDV in this chapter. The social and economic impacts of the pandemics caused by these viral pathogens have been dramatic in countries in which shrimp farming constitutes a significant industry [1].

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