Penaeus monodon Hepandensovirus

Authored by: Dongyou Liu

Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498700368
eBook ISBN: 9781498700375
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19719-ch78

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Abstract

Penaeus monodon hepandensovirus (PmoHDV) is a parvovi-rus that causes high mortality and stunted growth in juvenile shrimp in Asia Pacific regions, Africa, Australia, and North and South America. Along with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV, see Chapter 98), yellow head virus (YHV; see Chapter 33), infectious myonecrosis virus (IMNV, see Chapter 66), Taura syndrome virus (TSV, see Chapter 3), Penaeus styliros-tris penstyldensovirus (PstDV or infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus [IHHNV]; see Chapter 79), and Penaeus monodon nucleopolyhedrovirus (PemoNPV or monodon baculovirus [MBV]), PmoHDV is responsible for approximately 60% of disease losses in shrimp aquaculture. Furthermore, abdominal segment deformity disease due possibly to an undescribed retrovirus-like agent and monodon slow growth syndrome due to Laem-Singh virus create additional problems to Penaeus vannamei and Penaeus monodon shrimp farming in Asia. Despite their distinct taxonomical and ecological backgrounds, the aforementioned viruses have one thing in common, that is, they all demonstrate a capacity to decimate the cultured and wild shrimp populations throughout the world.

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