Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus

Authored by: Srivishnupriya Anbalagan

Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498700368
eBook ISBN: 9781498700375
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19719-ch70

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Abstract

Epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) is an insect-transmitted disease of wild and domestic ruminants, resulting from infection with either epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) or bluetongue virus (BTV).1 First described in white-tailed deer (WTD) in New Jersey in 1955, EHD was associated with severe clinical signs and death in naïve population of wild and domestic ruminants including endangered species. 1-4 For this reason, EHD is considered an economically important disease, and a ban has been imposed on trading livestock, ova, and semen from affected countries. This chapter presents an overview on the classification, morphology, genome organization, biology, epidemiology, and diagnosis of EHDV.

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