Bluetongue Virus

Authored by: Fan Lee

Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498700368
eBook ISBN: 9781498700375
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19719-ch69

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Abstract

Bluetongue was first described as "malarial catarrhal fever of sheep" by Hutcheon1 and Spreull.2 The causative agent of blue-tongue, that is, bluetongue virus (BTV), is the prototype of the genus Orbivirus within the family Reoviridae. In addition to BTV, the genus Orbivirus contains 21 other virus species and some of which, such as African horse sickness virus and epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus, are of veterinary importance.

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