Akabane Virus

Authored by: Akiko Uema , Yohsuke Ogawa , Hiroomi Akashi

Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498700368
eBook ISBN: 9781498700375
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19719-ch59

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Abstract

Akabane virus (AKAV) causes reproductive and congenital problems in cattle, sheep, and goats, resulting in severe economic losses. AKAV is transmitted primarily by biting midges (Culicoides species). Although pregnant animals infected with AKAV exhibit no clinical signs, in utero fetal exposure to the virus results in abortion, premature birth, stillbirth, and congenital deformities such as arthrogryposis and hydranencephaly (AH) syndrome.1

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