Porcine Rubulavirus (Blue Eye Disease Virus)

Authored by: Jose Ivan Sanchez Betancourt , Maria Elena Trujillo Ortega

Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498700368
eBook ISBN: 9781498700375
Adobe ISBN:


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The blue eye disease, affecting pigs of all ages, is caused by a virus of the Rubulavirus genus, Paramyxoviridae family [1]. The first cases were reported in 1980, in hog farms at La Piedad, Michoacan, Mexico. Clinical signs, mostly of nervous nature, were observed in piglets younger than 30 days. New outbursts were reported later on the same year in the nearby states of Jalisco and Guanajuato and in 1983 in Mexico City, Nuevo Leon, Hidalgo, Tlaxcala, Tamaulipas, Puebla, Campeche, and Queretaro. Since its emergence, the disease has been difficult to control, and by 1992, it had spread to 16 states in Mexico [2]. According to a seroprevalence survey of porcine rubulavirus (PRV) performed in 2004, a prevalence of 10%–30% was found in 18 Mexican states [3].

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