Avian Metapneumovirus

Authored by: Jose Francisco Rivera-Benitez , Jazmin De la Luz-Armendariz , Alberto Bravo-Blas , Luis Gomez-Nunez , Humberto Ramfrez-Mendoza

Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498700368
eBook ISBN: 9781498700375
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19719-ch47

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Abstract

Avian metapneumovirus (aMPV), previously referred to as turkey rhinotracheitis,1 is an emerging viral pathogen in poultry, responsible for a highly contagious disease particularly in chickens and turkeys.2 Although aMPV infection often involves the respiratory tract, it can also affect the oviduct, contributing to reduced egg production.3 Birds of any age are susceptible to aMPV infection, and secondary infection with bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Bordetella, and Pasteurella can complicate the situation, resulting in a condition known as swollen head syndrome (SHS), with adverse impact on infected animals. 3-5

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