Feline Enteric Coronavirus and Feline Infectious Peritonitis Virus

Authored by: Niels C. Pedersen

Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498700368
eBook ISBN: 9781498700375
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19719-ch36

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Abstract

Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) was recognized as a new and emerging disease entity in the late 1950s [1]. It has been subsequently identified worldwide and in virtually all species of Felidae, with domestic cats being the major target host [2]. The disease occurs primarily in an enzootic form [2] and epizootics are noteworthy because of their rarity [3]. The incidence of FIP was reported at 1:300 cats seen in North American veterinary institutions [4] and from <1% to >5% of kittens and younger cats from shelters, catteries, and other such high-density environments [2]. Once clinical signs appear, the mortality is extremely high; and there is currently no effective way to prevent or treat the disease.

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