Bovine Coronavirus

Authored by: Dongyou Liu

Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498700368
eBook ISBN: 9781498700375
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19719-ch35

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Abstract

Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) is a single-stranded, positive-sense RNA virus implicated in three distinct clinical syndromes in cattle: (1) calf diarrhea (CD), (2) winter dysentery (WD) with hemorrhagic diarrhea in adults, and (3) bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC) or shipping fever of feedlot cattle. Given its common occurrence in dairy and beef cattle farms worldwide and its negative impact on milk production in dairy herds and weight gain in calves and adult cattle, considerable efforts have been made in recent years toward the elucidation of BCoV′s genetic characteristics, epidemiology, transmission, clinical features, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

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