West Nile Virus

Authored by: Dongyou Liu

Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498700368
eBook ISBN: 9781498700375
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19719-ch28

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Abstract

West Nile virus (WNV) is a zoonotic pathogen that affects birds, horses, and humans, as well as other vertebrates worldwide. Maintained in a mosquito-bird-mosquito transmission cycle, WNV infection in birds may lead to death within 24 h of symptom onset. In humans and horses, WNV is responsible for causing fever, meningitis, and encephalitis, with long-term sequelae, or death a possibility. Due to its nonspecific clinical presentations, it is vital that specific and sensitive laboratory methods are available and applied for differential diagnosis of West Nile disease. This will help prevent the further spread of this emerging disease.

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