Border Disease Virus

Authored by: Jieyuan Jiang , Wenliang Li

Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498700368
eBook ISBN: 9781498700375
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19719-ch24

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Abstract

Border disease (BD) is a major viral disease of sheep and goats caused by border disease virus (BDV). The disease is first recognized in the border region of England and Wales [1], and the clinical signs of infected sheep herds mainly include barren ewes, abortions, stillbirths, and the birth of small weak lambs. Affected lambs can show tremor, abnormal body figure, and hairy fleeces (also called "hairy shaker" or "fuzzy"), so the disease has also been referred to as "hairy shaker disease" [2]. The disease is widely distributed in the world. Prevalence rates in sheep vary from 5% to 50% between countries and from region to region within countries [3].

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