Equine Infectious Anemia Virus

Authored by: Caroline Leroux , R. Frank Cook

Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498700368
eBook ISBN: 9781498700375
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19719-ch20

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Abstract

Equine infectious anemia (EIA) has an almost worldwide distribution and is considered to be a significant threat to the equine industry as evidenced by the fact that it is one of the 11 notifiable equine-specific diseases listed by the World Organisation for Animal Health. Disease signs in horses consistent with EIA were first described in 18431 with a more comprehensive account of each clinical phase coupled with the demonstration that it is a blood-borne infection published by Vallee and Carre.2 Moreover, these authors established that EIA was caused by a "filterable agent" making it one of the first diseases recognized as having a viral etiology (equine infectious anemia virus [EIAV]).

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