Feline Calicivirus

Authored by: Rudi Weiblen , Luciane Teresinha Lovato , Andreia Henzel

Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498700368
eBook ISBN: 9781498700375
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19719-ch14

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Abstract

Respiratory diseases associated with infectious agents are a major problem in cats. Upper respiratory tract disease (URTD) has been the main cause of illness and healthassociated euthanasia of cats in shelters in the United States. Bacteria like Chlamydophila felis, Bordetella bronchiseptica, and Myco-plasma felis are also frequently involved in URTD [12,37]. However, feline calicivirus (FCV) and felid herpesvirus type 1 (FeHV-1) are the main causes of respiratory disease in cats, and it is estimated that approximately 80% of URTD cases are due to one of the two viruses or both of them concurrently [12]. FCV infection has also been associated with oral ulcers and limping disease and to a severe disease-denominated virulent systemic disease (VSD), or FCV-VSD [31,36,37].

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