Swine Vesicular Disease Virus

Authored by: jovita Fernandez-Pinero , Giulia Pezzoni , Cristina Cano-Gómez , Paloma Fernandez-Pacheco , Emiliana Brocchi , Miguel Angel jimenez-Clavero

Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498700368
eBook ISBN: 9781498700375
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19719-ch11

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Abstract

Swine vesicular disease virus (SVDV) belongs to the Enterovirus genus within the family Picornaviridae. It causes an infectious and contagious disease in pigs called swine vesicular disease (SVD), characterized by the appearance of vesicles on the coronary bands of the feet, heels, skin, snout, tongue, lips, and teats, accompanied by fever. Its importance for animal health authorities relies in the fact that these signs are indistinguishable from those caused by other vesicular diseases of viral etiology affecting swine, including foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), vesicular stomatitis (VS), and vesicular exanthema of swine (VES), and therefore, differential diagnosis in the laboratory is essential to discern between them.

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