Sociospatial Epidemiology: Residential History Analysis

Authored by: David C. Wheeler , Catherine A. Calder

Handbook of Spatial Epidemiology

Print publication date:  April  2016
Online publication date:  April  2016

Print ISBN: 9781482253016
eBook ISBN: 9781482253023
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19470-39

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Abstract

In spatial analyses of chronic disease risk, the residential location at the time of diagnosis is often used as a surrogate for unknown environmental exposures, defined broadly to include household chemicals, pollutants, and radiation in environmental media, and lifestyle factors (see Chapters 2, 3, 6, 9, and 14). Residential location may be an appropriate proxy for relevant exposures in some situations; however, in other situations, it can be difficult to identify a true spatial signal in risk with only this surrogate for exposures. In particular, the combination of long disease latency and population mobility is a challenge for spatial epidemiological studies.

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