Botany and Crop Rotation Management of New Specialty Japanese Melon In Humid, Tropical Climate Zones

Authored by: Hong Li

Handbook of Cucurbits

Print publication date:  February  2016
Online publication date:  February  2016

Print ISBN: 9781482234589
eBook ISBN: 9781482234596
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b19233-12

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Abstract

High-value Cucumis melo crops are susceptible to high temperatures, water saturation, and soil acidic environments. The winter season is the right time to grow C. melo crops in the tropical zone for high production returns when fruit supply is short in the spring. However, it is a challenge to cultivate high-value melons when the winter turns hot with water saturation, flooding, nitrogen deficiency, and excess Fe ions in the soil. This chapter is focused on the relationships between the new specialty Japanese melon (C. melo L.) and environmental soil stressors and on melon crop rotation with N-fixing yardlong beans (Vigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis) in the humid, acidic, tropical environment. The results show that crop rotation with N-fixation legume is a useful farming practice that helps Japanese melon plants to cope with soil acidic stress and N deficiency. The introduction of Japanese melon, a fist-sized, fast-growing, and tasteful fruit, as a new specialty melon, enhanced by improved crop rotation management, can lead to a healthy, profitable melon production in the winter season in humid, tropical areas.

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