Road Collisions and Urban Development

Authored by: Becky P.Y. Loo , Tessa Kate Anderson

Spatial Analysis Methods of Road Traffic Collisions

Print publication date:  September  2015
Online publication date:  December  2015

Print ISBN: 9781439874127
eBook ISBN: 9781439874134
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b18937-7

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Abstract

Interactions between land use and urban development and transport decisions play a huge role in a person’s propensity to be involved in a collision, depending on where they live and interact with the built environment. Many studies have explored the combined effect of roadway geometries and environmental factors on road safety. The spatial environment can be understood in many ways. For example, land use was considered by Petch et al. (2000), Ivan et al. (2000), and Ossenbruggen et al. (2001). Land use, infrastructure, and transport networks play a significant role in determining road user risk. Its changing role and dynamic within a city has been discussed in detail by Batty and Longley (1994). The growth of a city outward will almost never be exactly concentric and even, cities usually organized into neighborhoods enough to support educational and retail functions (Batty and Longley 1994). These patterns in turn will affect the propensity and location of road collisions. The significant environmental and spatial factors that relate to the changing city attributes with distance from a city center include changing land use and changing road network (usage and density) (Anas et al. 1998). Every motorized city’s land use and infrastructure is unique with respect to urban transport history and growth, which produces an agglomeration whose road network, land use, and city center have experience continued growth and change.

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