Road Safety Strategy

Authored by: Becky P.Y. Loo , Tessa Kate Anderson

Spatial Analysis Methods of Road Traffic Collisions

Print publication date:  September  2015
Online publication date:  December  2015

Print ISBN: 9781439874127
eBook ISBN: 9781439874134
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b18937-17

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Abstract

Despite all measures to improve road safety performances, many road safety administrations will face problems of stagnated improvements after successfully addressing some of the enforcement, engineering, education, and emergency and response aspects. When individual ad hoc and focused measures have been introduced to tackle the most obvious road safety problems (e.g., the introduction of seat belt, helmet wearing, and drink-driving legislations), a holistic framework is needed to make continuous improvement of road safety sustainable in the long term. Such a holistic framework is embodied in a road safety strategy of the road safety administration. Specific road safety strategies will vary depending on the actual geographic context (including territorial size, terrain, climate, level of urbanization, level of development, and culture) of individual road safety administrations. Nonetheless, a road safety strategy will have nine major components. They are (1) vision, (2) objectives, (3) targets, (4) action plan, (5) evaluation and monitoring, (6) research and development, (7) quantitative modeling, (8) institutional framework, and (9) funding (Loo et al. 2005). In this chapter, we shall examine and discuss the relevancy of each of these components in a road safety strategy. Examples from different parts of the world will be provided to substantiate the arguments. Particular attention will be paid to highlight the spatial dimension or geographical variability, such as the rural-urban divide, in the formulation of road safety strategies.

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