Impervious Surface Estimation Using Remote Sensing

Authored by: Hongsheng Zhang , Hui Lin , Yuanzhi Zhang , Qihao Weng

Remote Sensing of Impervious Surfaces

Print publication date:  September  2015
Online publication date:  September  2015

Print ISBN: 9781482254839
eBook ISBN: 9781482254860
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b18836-3

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Abstract

Urban impervious surfaces can have a great impact on the urban solar energy balance, air quality, nonpoint source water pollution, storm runoff process, and so forth. In addition, impervious surfaces have also been identified as a key factor of many socioeconomic issues such as population distribution and house price. Thus, accurate mapping of impervious surfaces becomes significant not only for the environmental monitoring but also for various socioeconomic studies. In some developed countries, much work has been done to map impervious surfaces. For instance, in the United States, the impervious surfaces layer was developed using Nighttime Lights Time Series (2000–2001) and LandScan 2004 population count, at a coarse resolution, along with United States Geological Survey (USGS) 30 m resolution ISE of the United States for calibration (Elvidge et al. 2007; NOAA 2010). In Europe, there is a series of seamless European mosaics for impervious surfaces (EEA 2006), including an updated raster dataset containing the degree of imperviousness ranging from 0%–100% in aggregated spatial resolution (100 × 100 m).

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